There are some basic things that you can do to your vehicle, before spending all your hard earned cash on mechanics. These are things like checking oil, checking the brake fluid, checking the coolant level and checking the tire pressure.
Checking the oil was one of the most important things you can do in your vehicle. Because if your vehicle doesn’t have oil, it will seize up and replacing your engine is a very expensive exercise. Checking your oil only he takes a few minutes but will save you thousands.
A good rule of thumb, is to check your oil level every time you feel the car with fuel. If you own a business vehicles, like taxi, limo service, shuttle bus retail, hire cars or work vehicles, it is a good idea to check your oil more often. As you begin to check your vehicles oil more regularly, you will get to know how much oil your vehicle uses. Once you learn your vehicles oil usage, you can customise the times you check. Some older vehicles, may burn oil more frequently than their newer counterparts.
To check your oil Simply lift the bonnet, use a porous rag or tissue and lift the dipstick out of the engine block. Wipe the dipstick with the porous rag, then replace back into the engine block. Now lift the dipstick out again, and take notice on the end of the dipstick where the oil is sitting. There are two markers on the end of the dipstick, the one towards the bottom of the dipstick represents low-level oil, and the mark on the top of the dipstick indicates the full level of oil. You want your oil to sit right on the full marker, so that your engine is getting exactly the right amount of oil distributed through it. If the oil level is sitting below the full marker then you will need to add oil. You can do this yourself it is easy, but make sure you get the right grade of oil from your auto car shop. The sales assistant in the auto shop, will be able to give you the correct grade of oil for your automobile if you give them the make and model. To fill the oil, remove the rocker cover oil cap, and gently flow the oil into the engine. Only give the engine small amounts of oil, while constantly rechecking the dipstick. Remember that the oil will take a while to seek down into the sum of the engine. So don’t get fooled Into thinking the oil level will change instantly. Make sure you give it about 30 – 60 seconds to seep into the sump. When you have reached the full marker, replace the dipstick and secure the rocker cover oil filler cap.
To check the brake fluid consult your manual, and in the index it will tell you where the brake filler is located in the engine bay. The brake fluid will have Two markers on the side of the fluid housing that will indicate low and high levels. Like the engine, make sure the fluid is sitting at the full marker. By giving the auto shop the make and model they will give you the correct brake fluid to suit your vehicle. The careful, when removing the oil filler cap, brake fluid can splash out and hit you in the eye. It’s a good idea to wear a pair of safety goggles while undergoing as procedure.
To check the coolant level consult your manual, many cars have different types of cooling overfilled tanks. Some you fill directly into the radiator, others will have a side tank that you need to fill. Important! Make sure your radiator is cool when checking the level. If the radiator is hot, the coolant inside the radiator will be under high pressure, and can shoot out once the cap is released. This liquid is extremely hot and can scold you in a nasty way. Like the other two procedures make sure the coolant is at the full indicator and again is a good idea to wear safety goggles when filling your vehicle.
The easiest of all is to check your tire pressure, each time manufacturer will specify a different pressure level for your particular type of tire. The manufacturer will put the pressure level on the side of your tire. Look for the PSI of your tire, most manufacturers will have a minimum PSI and a maximum PSI. Sitting your vehicle tire on the minimum PSI, will give your a smoother ride because the tires have flexibility in them, but can use more fuel. Setting your automobile to the maximum level will make your right harder and can aquaplane more easily, but they can be more fuel efficient. It is a good idea to ask your manufacturer the best PSI for your type of driving.
Doing some of the basic stuff yourself can take a little time and learning. But if you keep your cars fluids at all the right levels you’ll ensure your buggy is running safely and smoothly.
If you own your automobile for 10 years or more, it will go through many repairs. Finding a great mechanic is fantastic for your finances and your cars care. But it is important that you understand and are ready for some of the things that may need to be replaced or repaired over your transportation’s mechanical life.
Your car is a mechanical being, every time you drive there are hundreds of parts moving together to create your joyful ride. Because they are mechanical parts, they wear out, can be faulty and can fail due to improper care. Some of the items that may need to be change of the course your card life, is the gearbox, the engine, the wheel bearings, the differential and the steering rack.
The gearbox is a vital part of your vehicle, it gives you a smooth transition into different speeds. If you are driving a manual gearbox, you will need to change the clutch plate which connects the engine and gearbox. Due to the nature of the clutch plate, it is prone to wearing and will need to be replaced may be 2 to 3 times if you keep your ride for 10 years. It is important that you keep your gearbox well serviced, as these are extremely expensive to replace if maintained poorly. Servicing the gearbox will mean changing the filter on the inside and replacing the oil. This will need to be done by a professional, as in most cases you will need to remove the gearbox to handle this procedure.
The engine is the most vital part of your automobile, it is critical that you keep this in perfect working order. Adhere to the manuals advisory servicing and fluid changes. An engine will not only wear out because of lack of oil, but also if the motor is not properly tuned, it will become unbalanced and can cause excess wear. An oil change should be done every 5000 to 10,000 klms and make sure you change the oil filter when you change your oil. It is important that you also service, the air filter, spark plugs, high tension leads and the timing belt.
Wheel bearings are something that needs replacing over the mechanical life of your vehicle, these items are replaced more on a wear basis. You will notice when you need a new wheel bearing by the sound it makes when you’re driving. You will hear a grinding noise coming from your wheel and the noise or continue even when you’re breaking. When you hit as constant noise it’s important that you see your mechanic immediately. They would diagnose the sound and advise a wheel bearing replacement or if it is some other mechanical problem.
The differential drives the wheels of your vehicle and can become worn and damaged. You will hear when a differential needs replacing, it’ll starts whirring as you drive. It is important that you see a mechanic immediately to find out whether this problem is critical. Differentials that run low on oil can seize while driving, so it is important that you get your mechanic to check the oil level of your differential every time you have a service.
Your steering rack is the most important mechanical device in your vehicle, as a steers you safely in the right direction. When a steering rack is damaged it may add slack to your steering, so you may need to either correct while steering or your steering wheel may vibrate while driving. If you notice any of these symptoms seek mechanical device immediately.
Understanding the things that need to be done to your automobile, can give you a better understanding of the mechanical lingo your repairman uses and it also prepares you for repairs that you may need in the future so you can start saving today.
Over the course of your car’s life it will need many electrical repairs. Electrical repairs differ from mechanical repairs as they are often smaller and not have a duty as your mechanical repairs. But they are just as expensive to fix and you don’t want to be ripped off by not knowing what the electrical repairman is fixing.
Some of the items that may need to be replaced or repaired throughout your electrical system on your car are the alternator, the vehicle’s computer, power windows and the battery.
The alternator of your vehicle charges the battery, but will wear out over time. There are two ways to repair alternators, by either simply replacing with new, which is an extensive exercise or have it reconditioned. Inside your alternator there are brushes that wear down and will need to be replaced. Also the bearing of your alternator may wear and not give a smooth revolution. There are youtube videos on how to recondition your alternator by replacing the brushes and the bearing. The careful, because sometimes buying the tools needed to complete the job or work out the same price as buying a new alternator. Do your research and decide whether you can tackle the job before buying the tools and parts. You can also buy reconditioned alternators which are cheaper than brand-new ones.
The car’s computer is the brain of your vehicle, and it runs everything from the engine to the fans in your cabin. If you need to replace a computer this is one of the most expensive components of your transportation. Do your shopping around, and get second opinions as there may be ways to fix your computer or buy a cheaper one at a car wrecker. Remember when it comes to your vehicle, getting repairs can be expensive, but getting quotes is very cheap, if not free. So always get another opinion, so that you can be sure the problem is diagnosed correctly. As a short phone call, might save you thousands of dollars.
Power windows on your vehicle are ultra convenient, but when they break can be extremely annoying. If your windows fail it’s important that you seek advice immediately, as your window down is a security risk and is open to all the weather. This is something you may be able to fix yourself if you have the skills, but ultimately it’s easier to get a professional to fix the window jam. Often times an electrical window, the motor will seize or fail, causing the window to be frozen halfway. Remember that you can always give a second opinion and you don’t have to buy a new item from a manufacturer, you can also buy a second item from a vehicle wreck instead.
Knowing your transportation ‘s electrics and what may fail gives you a chance ahead of time to put the money away in case you get caught out. As mechanical repairs can be straightforward, replacing items, and repairing items. Electrical problems can be invisible and need a professional to diagnose and locate the problem. You may pay $80 an hour for a professional to find the problem quickly or you may go for days to find it yourself. It’s always good to have some money tucked way so you don’t have to worry about dealing with electrical problems yourself.